Inclusive Education (IE) is an approach towards educating learners with and without disabilities within the same environment, taking cognizance of their strengths or challenges while seeking to maximize their potential. It is one of the most effective ways that promotes an inclusive society. UNESCO (2008) asserts that ‘the concept of inclusive education can be viewed as a general guiding principle to strengthen education for sustainable development, lifelong learning for all and equal access of all levels of society to learning opportunities so as to implement the principles of inclusive education’.
According to UNICEF (2017), there are about 93 million children with disability worldwide. The World Health Organization Report on Disability estimates 15% of the world population are people with disability of whom majority are children. This may be the same situation in East Africa with some variance from one country to another. Addressing this category of persons is critical in achieving inclusive education and development in general.
The Government of Kenya has developed various policies in support of Inclusive education. The Constitution of Kenya (2010),Article 54(1) states that “a person with any disability is entitled to access educational institutions and facilities for persons with disabilities that are integrated into society to the extent compatible with the interests of the person”. This is further emphasized in the Persons with Disabilities Act, (2003), 18 (1). Despite developing policies on inclusive education, its implementation has encountered challenges.